There are 2515 villages in Kandhamal district which are administered under 171 Gram Panchayats. This apart, there are:
- 1 Municipal Council
- 2 Notified Area Councils
- 3 Assembly Constituencies
All the above are part of Kandhamal Parliamentary Constituency.
Kandhamal Zilla Parishad is the apex body of the Three-Tier Panchayati Raj organization which functions at the District level with President as the head. There are 16 councils under the Zilla Parisad which are represented by its elected Members.
These are intermediate level Panchayatiraj Institutions. There are 12 Panchayat Samitis in the district and each of them are operating from the Block head quarters. Each Panchayat Samiti has a no of Samiti members who are elected representatives from different G.Ps and villages.
There are 171 G.Ps in the district. Saranchs are the elected Heads of the G.Ps. and G.P. Executive Officers are the nodal officer of the Panchayats who officiate the G.P. Office and administer different welfare schemes and developmental activities of the G.P.